Answer Last Updated: Aug 15, 2016 Views: 23628
A short quotation at the beginning of a chapter or article is called an epigraph. The quote is treated like an extract and indented from the left margin. Only the author’s name (and only the author’s last name if he or she is well-known) and the book’s title should be given in italics. The credit line should be on the line beneath the epigraph, flush right, preceded by an em dash; if it is very short, it can be run on the same line as the last line of the epigraph. An epigraph’s source is not listed in the References section.
I envy people who drink—at least they know what to blame everything on.
—Oscar Levant, The Portable Curmudgeon
Exceptions to this are an epigraph from a scholarly book or journal and a quotation used by permission. In these cases, cite the author, year, and page number at the end of the extract, in parentheses with no period. The source should be listed in the References section.
From the APA style experts